Windows allow you to let sunlight in, to look at the outside world and to allow fresh air into your house when they are open. When closed they help maintain the temperature inside your house. But how much do you really know about your windows? This tutorial will explain to you the most popular types of windows and how they work. This insight will help you understand projects and repairs that involve your windows.
We will look at 4 types of windows - double-hung windows, casement windows, sliding windows and awning windows. What differs from one window type to another is how the sash moves to open the window. In some cases the sash may even be stationary.
The common element to all of these window types is the "sash". A sash is the frame that surrounds and secures the glass. The sash can be made of wood, metal or plastic. The sashes are built from 4 frame components, the top and bottom pieces are called rails and the sides are called stiles. In many cases a window sash is divided into smaller windows. The dividers are called muntins.