1. 
Determining the amount of fabric to buy: Measure the finished length of the valance (B in picture). Begin the measurement at the top of the rod and measure to where you want the valance to end. Traditionally, a valance is 1/6th of the total length of the window, so this will probably look most natural on your own windows. 


2. 
Determine the length of material you need by using the finished length, and double it (2 x B) so that the valance can be poufed. Now add 10” to that number to allow for a 3” heading and hems. This number will be referred to as the cut length – this is the length of material that you will have to have cut at the store. As indicated in the picture, this calculation is:
((2 x B) + 10). 


3. 
Measure the width you need depending on where you are planning to place the rod hardware as discussed in the overview. Determine the width by multiplying the rod width by 3 to give the valance fullness. Divide this number by the fabric width of your bolt of material. (This is the width that the fabric comes in, which is generally 45” or 54”.) This gives you the number of fabric widths you will need to finish the valance. As indicated in the picture, this calculation is:
((3 x A) / bolt width). 


4. 
To get the amount of material you need in square yards, multiply the cut length (step 2) by the number of fabric widths (step 3). This gives you the total length of fabric you need in inches. Divide the total length in inches by 36 to give you the number of yards of fabric you will need to buy. 


5. 
To get the amount of material you need in square yards, multiply the cut length (step 2) by the number of fabric widths (step 3). This gives you the total length of fabric you need in inches. Divide the total length in inches by 36 to give you the number of yards of fabric you will need to buy. 


6. 
Stitch a seam ½” from the edge along the side to be joined. 


7. 
Flip the joined material over and press the stitched edges so that you have a clean finish. 


8. 
Now you will need to make hems along the sides of your valance. Fold the side edge over 1/2” and press. 


9. 
Then fold 1/2” of fabric over again, press, and stitch in the hem. Do this for both sides of the fabric. 


10. 
Because you are making a poufed valance, you will need to sew a tube for the fill material. Fold the fabric in half from top to bottom, inside out. Sew the fabric together to form a tube. 


11. 
Turn the fabric right side in and while keeping the seam 1” from the top, press a crease in the fabric. This is the top of the header on your valance. 


12. 
Now you will need to make the rod tube for your valance to hang from. Measure 3” from top of the header and sew across the width of the fabric. This gives you a 3” header. Now, measure 2½  3” down from the new seam and again sew across the width of the fabric. This is the rod pocket. 


13. 
Now it is time to hang your valance. Slide the rod into the rod pocket and place the rod on the hooks. 


14. 
Finally, stuff the tube that you created in the valance with nylon netting, plastic, or newspaper to pouf the valance. 


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